Tesla continues to dominate the battery-powered car industry as it increases production to satisfy rising customer demand for their EVs. If customers continue to move away from ICE cars to EVs questions need to be addressed. How long does it take to fully charge a Tesla? What is the Range? Reliability? Is it safe?
In 2020, Tesla is the gold standard of the EV industry. They have arrived. Demand forecasts show increased demand as more electric vehicle models come to market this year and next. In 2019, Tesla delivered over 300,000 Model 3’s and over 156,000 in the first half of 2020.
Tesla Battery Sizes & Charger Types
The Tesla Model S, Tesla’s flagship vehicle, is available in several different configurations with varying battery capacity, a number of motors, rear-wheel or all-wheel drive, and charging speeds.
The Long Distance Model S has a span of (as of 2020) 322 miles, which is the second-longest electric range of any electric vehicle on the road today (the model S now is rated at over 400 miles per charge).
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The Model S battery is 100 kWh. It’s designed to be used with all chargers. Electric cars can be charged with either a 120-volt Level 1 charger that plugs into any wall outlet in your home. Or a 240-volt Level 2 converter, the same kind you connect your washer and dryer, as well as DCFC outlets.
Charging My Tesla At Home Basics
The Level 1 charging stations can be wired directly to any regular 120-volt outlet in your home or garage. While Level 1 systems have the potential to do the job, they are the least effective way to charge the EV and can take as long as 3 days to completely charge the Tesla. The incredibly slow charging time also drives Tesla owners to rely on Tesla’s public Supercharger network.
The second home charging option, the Level 2 charging station, needs a dedicated 240-volt outlet. The Level 2 charging system tap into a dedicated 50-amp circuit that could require professional installation by an electrician. At considerably more capacity than a Level 1 charging station, the Level 2 chargers will charge the Tesla nearly 6 times faster.
The average voltage at which Tesla will drive is between 7.2kW and 11.5 kW. Teslas has a battery capacity ranging from 50 kWh on the regular range Model 3 to 100 kWh that drives both the Model S and the Model X models.
Some of the problems that all prospective EV drivers face is where to charge their electric vehicle. Home-based chargers are the most popular, due to convenience.
But when you are living in a heavily populated city where you may have to park in a parking structure or on the street where there is no access to a charger, Tesla Superchargers can have longer waiting times than anticipated.
Your own charger allows you to charge a Tesla for the comfort of your own house. The Supercharger network is constantly growing. But in 2020 there still are times where you need to coordinate charging your car.
How Long Does It Take To Charge A Tesla Model 3 At Home
Depending on your Tesla model and the type of charger you are using, fully charging a Tesla from near empty to full will take between six and twelve hours. The shortest charging time is within the sweet spot of the device, which is typically between 20% and 80% of the overall charge.
For most Teslas, it only takes about an hour to charge from 40% to 80% on a 220V network, but another two hours to go from 80% to 100%.
Due to the way ions in your car’s battery respond to the transfer of electrical energy at different power loads, the more ions that are charged within the cell, the more the charger has to work to fill the remaining ions. This significantly decreased the charging rate as the battery hits capacity.
How Long Does It Take To Charge A Tesla?
Every Tesla car shows you power diagnostics including charging status. When your Tesla is charging, it tells you how much charge you need to get home, how much charge you have, and how much longer the charging cycle will take.
In addition to these features, our JuiceNet platform provides additional smart charging capabilities. Using the JuiceNet app, drivers can track their costs, set up charging schedules, and receive charging alerts.
For any lithium-ion battery, the charging cycle of an electric car happens when charged electrons pass from a state of non-charge called cathode to a state of charge called the anode.
In the same way, the battery is completely drained as the ions for the battery are spent and forced into a cathode state. Over time, moving back and forth from cathode to anode places a burden on the battery power.
Even though the battery in your Tesla is designed to do exactly this task, the materials in the battery itself can only withstand so much stress over time.
Hybrid vehicles are actually beating gas cars in a variety of ways, and the out-of-pocket cost of recharging the Tesla EV is significantly less than the cost of fuel at a diesel-powered service station.
The ions in the battery generate an electrical current and are charged one at a time. While the speed of charging a single ion happens very rapidly, the amount of ions in your car’s battery produces a situation in which the whole charging cycle takes a long time to complete.
Tesla’s Growing Supercharger Network
Tesla charging network is bulging to over 17,500 in North America, Europe, Australia, and Asia. In March, Tesla launched its V3 Supercharging, which allows Tesla to charge electric vehicles faster than any other electric vehicle on the market today.
For example, a 2019 Model 3 Long-range vehicle running at peak efficiency will recover up to 75 miles of load in 5 minutes and with the version 3 chargers, you can recharge almost completely within 30 minutes!
It has launched a new feature called On-Route Battery Warmup, which helps the Tesla to intelligently heat the battery while entering the Supercharger to ensure that its EV drivers charge at an ideal temperature and eventually decrease the total charging time for owners by 25%.
Other Tesla Supercharger stations charge up to 150 kW of power divided between two vehicles for a maximum of 150 kW per car, depending on the edition. These stations require about 20 minutes to charge 50 percent, 40 minutes to 80 percent, and 75 minutes to 100 percent to the original 85 kWh Model S.
How Much Does It Cost To Charge A Tesla?
The long-range version of the Model 3 has a 75 kWh battery pack with a range of 322 miles. Let’s take the price of electricity of $0.18 per kilowatt-hour and charging efficiency of 85%.
A complete charge would cost $11.47. This is $3.60 per 100 miles of mixed city and freeway driving, or 3.6 cents per mile. The average cost per mile of an ICE vehicle is $0.15 per mile or about 80% cheaper.
How Much Does It Cost To Charge A Tesla At Home?
With solar panels, your cost can be $0.00. But powering your Tesla Model 3 from the grid would cost a little more. Each state has an average cost per kilowatt-hour. The cheapest is Louisiana at $0.077/kWh and the most expensive is Hawaii at $0.29/kWh.
The Tesla Model 3 comes in three battery configurations, the 54, 62, and 75 kWh sizes. So with a national average cost of $0.18/kWh and charging efficiency of 85% and a 75 kWh Tesla Model 3 battery the cost to charge a Tesla Model 3 at home is $11.47.
How Much Does It Cost To Charge A Tesla At A Supercharger?
This is with a long-distance Tesla Model 3 75kWh battery pack. The cost per kWh at a Tesla supercharger station nationwide is $0.028/kWh. That rivals the highest residential rates in the US.
The trade-off is time. Spend all night charging at home or spend 30 minutes filling up at a supercharger. If you don’t have direct access to a personal charger this may be your only option.
How Safe Is It To Drive A Tesla?
Tesla, with its increasing software-assisted driving, is simply a very safe car no matter which model you look at. With an empty space where an engine traditionally sits you now have a large crumple zone. This zone absorbs impact while keeping the cabin area extremely protected during a head-on collision.
How Reliable Is A Tesla Model 3?
Consumer Reports dropped its recommendation for the Tesla brand. They sight hardware and in-dash screen issues as the reasons why. Customer satisfaction remains #1 for all models. Is the hype real?
Thanks for reading and stay dirty.